US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows

US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows

US-Made Munitions Used in Deadly Strike on Rafah Tent Camp: An In-Depth Analysis


The use of US-made munitions in a deadly strike on the Rafah tent camp in Gaza, Palestine, has once again brought the issue of arms sales to the forefront. The incident occurred on November 10, 2020, resulting in the death of at least 45 Palestinians and injuring over 270 more.

The Strike

Israeli military forces targeted a hamas militant camp in the Rafah refugee camp, near the Egypt-Gaza border. The camp was reportedly being used as a launching pad for rocket attacks against Israeli targets. However, the strike resulted in civilian casualties, with many victims being women and children. The Israeli Defense Forces claimed that they had warned residents to evacuate the area before the attack, but witnesses denied this claim.

The Munitions

An investigation by the Arms Control Association revealed that some of the munitions used in the strike were manufactured in the United States. The organization identified several types of cluster bombs, which are banned under international law due to their indiscriminate nature, among the munitions used. The United States had previously sold these bombs to Israel in 2015, despite calls from human rights organizations to stop such sales.

International Reaction

The use of US-made munitions in the strike sparked condemnation from various international organizations and human rights groups. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) called on Israel to conduct a thorough and transparent investigation into the incident. The European Union, meanwhile, expressed its deep concern over the use of cluster munitions in populated areas and called for an immediate end to their use.


The use of US-made munitions in the Rafah tent camp strike raises serious concerns about the impact of arms sales on civilian populations. It also highlights the need for greater scrutiny and regulation of arms exports to ensure they are not used in violations of international-news/” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>international humanitarian law. The international community must hold those responsible for such violations accountable and take steps to prevent future incidents.

US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows

Paragraph About the Rafah Tent Camp Incident and Analysis of US-Made Munitions

Incident Overview: On July 20, 2014, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) carried out an airstrike on the Rafah tent camp in the Gaza Strip. The attack resulted in the tragic death of 10 innocent Palestinian civilians, including seven children, and injured over 50 more people. The incident sparked widespread international condemnation and raised serious concerns regarding the indiscriminate use of force by the IDF in crowded civilian areas.

Determining Munitions’ Origin: Why it Matters

Importance and Significance: Identifying the origin of munitions used in the Rafah tent camp strike carries significant importance. Understanding the source can provide insight into possible violations of international humanitarian law, as well as shed light on potential accountability issues. Moreover, it contributes to transparency and public awareness about the involvement of major military powers in ongoing conflicts.

CNN’s Investigation

Objective: This analysis aims to identify and analyze the US-made munitions used in the deadly strike on Rafah tent camp based on link. By scrutinizing the evidence presented in the report, we hope to contribute to a better understanding of the incident and its implications.

US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows


Context of the Conflict in Gaza, Focusing on Rafah Tent Camp

The conflict between Israel and Palestine, particularly in the Gaza Strip, has been a long-standing issue with deep historical and political roots.


, the region has seen numerous wars and conflicts since the late 1800s, with the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 marking a significant turning point for the Palestinian people.


, the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem, as well as the blockade of Gaza, have been major sources of tension and conflict.


, the situation has escalated significantly, with renewed clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinian militants in the Rafah tent camp in Gaza. The camp, which houses thousands of displaced Palestinians, has seen intense fighting, resulting in numerous casualties and widespread destruction.

Role of the US in Providing Military Aid to Israel

The United States, as one of Israel’s closest allies, has played a significant role in providing military aid to the country.

Overview of the US-Israel Military Relationship

The strategic relationship between the US and Israel dates back to the 1950s, with military cooperation beginning in earnest during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. Since then, the US has provided Israel with billions of dollars in military aid each year through various programs such as Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and the Israeli Security Assistance Program (ISAP).

Types and Quantities of Military Aid Provided by the US to Israel

The military aid provided by the US includes a wide range of equipment and technology, such as tanks, fighter jets, helicopters, and munitions. The exact quantities of aid are not made public, but it is estimated to be around $3.8 billion per year.

CNN’s Investigation: US-made Munitions Found at the Scene of the Strike

CNN, in an investigation published in 2014, reported that US-made munitions were found at the scene of an Israeli airstrike in Gaza. The munitions, which included white phosphorus and other explosives, were allegedly used during the offensive on Rafah tent camp.

Details of the Investigation

CNN’s investigation was based on interviews with witnesses, local residents, and human rights organizations. The evidence collected included photographs and videos of the munitions at the scene of the strikes, as well as testimony from witnesses regarding the use of US-made weapons during the conflict.

Evidence Collected by CNN

One video, in particular, showed a large explosion followed by the sound of a US-made MK-82 bomb. CNN also reported that white phosphorus, which is known for causing severe burns and injuries, was used in the strikes on Rafah camp. The use of these weapons, according to human rights organizations, constituted a violation of international law.

US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows

I Identification of US-made Munitions Used in the Strike

Overview: CNN’s investigation into the January 2021 Israeli airstrike in Gaza revealed the use of several American-made munitions. Identification: The following is a detailed analysis of the types, manufacturers, production dates, roles, and evidence supporting the use of each munition in the strike.

Munitions Identified by CNN

Types and classes of munitions: The CNN report identified the following munitions: F-16 Drop Bombs (Mk 82 and Mk 84), GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb, and White Phosphorus munitions. Mk 82 and Mk 84 are unguided, gravity bombs used for penetrating armor and destroying structures. The GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb is a precision-guided weapon, while the White Phosphorus munitions are used for creating smoke screens or as incendiary weapons.

Manufacturers and production dates:

The Mk 82 and Mk 84 bombs were manufactured by Textron Systems between 1957 and 1962, while the GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb was produced by Raytheon between 2003 and 2018. The White Phosphorus munitions were identified as Israeli-made, but the specific manufacturer and production date are unknown at this time.

Role of Each Munition in the Strike

Damage caused: CNN reported that the Mk 82 and Mk 84 bombs destroyed a multi-story building in Gaza City, leaving at least 45 people dead and over 100 injured. The GBU-39 bomb was used to destroy a Hamas intelligence complex, causing significant damage but resulting in no reported casualties. White Phosphorus munitions were used on several occasions, causing widespread destruction and civilian casualties.

Evidence supporting use:

CNN analyzed video footage, photographs, and debris from the strike sites to identify the munitions used. The markings on the bombs matched those of US-manufactured weapons, and witness statements provided additional evidence. Moreover, Israeli officials did not deny using American-made munitions during the conflict.

Verification of the Evidence

Expert opinions and analyses: Weapons experts analyzed video footage, photographs, and debris from the strike sites to confirm the identification of the munitions. The experts noted the distinctive markings on the bombs and compared them with known US-manufactured weapons.

Reactions from Israeli and US officials:

Israeli officials did not deny the use of American-made munitions, stating that they have a longstanding military relationship with the US. US officials also declined to comment on the specifics of the investigation but acknowledged the importance of maintaining military cooperation with Israel.

US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows

Implications and Consequences

Political implications for the US, Israel, and Palestine

Potential diplomatic consequences

The strike on Al-Jawhara building in Gaza could have significant diplomatic repercussions for the US, Israel, and Palestine. The US, as a key ally of Israel, may face international criticism and pressure for its role in supporting Israeli actions. Similarly, Israel could experience diplomatic isolation, with countries condemning the strike as a violation of international law and human rights. Palestine may use this incident to further its narrative of Israeli aggression and human rights abuses, potentially leading to increased support from the international community.

Impact on public opinion in the US, Israel, and Palestine

The strike may also shape public opinion within these three entities. In the US, there could be growing concern and debate over American support for Israeli actions, particularly if civilian casualties are significant. Israeli public opinion may remain divided, with some expressing support for the military action while others question its necessity and potential consequences. In Palestine, this event could reinforce feelings of resentment and mistrust towards Israel and the US, potentially fueling further unrest and violence.

Legal implications for potential violations of international law

Overview of relevant international laws and treaties

The strike on Al-Jawhara building raises concerns about potential violations of international law and human rights treaties. Relevant international laws include the Fourth Geneva Convention, which protects civilians in occupied territories from indiscriminate attacks. Additionally, customary international law prohibits deliberate targeting of civilians during armed conflicts. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights also emphasize the right to life and protection from arbitrary deprivation of life.

Discussion on possible legal actions against Israel, the US, or both

If it is determined that the strike violated international law, there could be potential legal action against Israel, the US, or both. The International Criminal Court (ICC) has jurisdiction over war crimes committed in situations not covered by the Rome Statute, but with the US as a non-party to the ICC, any potential legal action would face significant challenges. Alternative avenues for accountability include international organizations like the UN and its Human Rights Council or regional bodies such as the European Union. Compensation for victims and their families could also be pursued through various channels, including diplomatic negotiations or legal action against Israel or the US.

Humanitarian implications for civilians affected by the strike

Assessment of number and severity of casualties

The humanitarian consequences of the Al-Jawhara building strike could be substantial. Casualty estimates and their severity must be thoroughly assessed to understand the full impact on civilians. If the number of deaths and injuries is significant, international organizations such as the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and Médecins Sans Frontières may be called upon to provide aid and support.

Discussion on the need for accountability and compensation for victims and their families

Ensuring accountability and compensation for victims and their families is crucial in addressing the humanitarian implications of this strike. Victims deserve justice, reparations, and support to help them rebuild their lives. This may involve a combination of diplomatic pressure, legal action, and humanitarian assistance from international organizations and the global community. Ultimately, it is essential to prioritize the well-being of those affected by this tragic event and work towards preventing similar incidents from occurring in the future.
US-made munitions used in deadly strike on Rafah tent camp, CNN analysis shows


Summary of the key findings from the analysis: Following an in-depth examination of available data, it is clear that Operation Protective Edge was a complex military campaign with significant humanitarian implications. The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) employed a variety of tactics, including ground offensives and targeted air strikes against militant groups in Gaza. The data reveals that the conflict resulted in a substantial number of civilian casualties, with over 2,100 Palestinians reportedly killed and thousands more injured. The Israeli military also suffered losses, with approximately 73 soldiers killed and hundreds more wounded during the hostilities.

Reflection on the importance of transparency and accountability in military operations:

The findings from this analysis underscore the importance of transparency and accountability during military engagements. In an age of unprecedented access to information, the public’s expectations for real-time updates and detailed reporting on military actions are increasingly high. The failure to provide clear and accurate information about civilian casualties can lead to misunderstandings, mistrust, and even inflammatory rhetoric. Furthermore, a lack of accountability for violations of international law can fuel further conflict and undermine the credibility of the military involved.

Recommendations for further investigation and action, if necessary:

To address the concerns raised in this analysis and promote greater transparency and accountability, several recommendations are suggested. Firstly, there is a need for an independent investigation into the civilian casualties during Operation Protective Edge. Such an investigation could be led by international organizations like the United Nations or the International Committee of the Red Cross, with the cooperation and participation of both Israel and Hamas. Secondly, there should be a renewed focus on developing and implementing military protocols to minimize civilian casualties during future conflicts. This could include the use of advanced technology to target militants, as well as increased efforts to warn civilians in potential conflict zones before military action is taken.

Final thoughts on the broader implications of this incident for US-Israel relations and the ongoing conflict in Gaza:

The findings from this analysis have significant implications for US-Israel relations and the ongoing conflict in Gaza. As a key ally and provider of military aid to Israel, the United States plays an important role in shaping Israeli military policy and influencing its actions on the international stage. The handling of Operation Protective Edge and the subsequent lack of transparency and accountability raises questions about the compatibility of US military support with its own values and human rights obligations. Moving forward, it is essential that both Israel and the United States work together to ensure that future military actions are carried out in a manner consistent with international law and respect for human rights. Failure to do so could further strain the relationship between these two key allies and contribute to an escalating cycle of violence in the region.