China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing

China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing

China’s Xi Jinping Proposes Peace Conference and Seeks ‘Justice’ for the Conflict in Gaza During Arab Leaders’ Visit


During a recent visit to Saudi Arabia, Chinese President Xi Jinping made surprising statements regarding the long-standing conflict in Gaza. The Chinese leader, who met with several Arab leaders in Riyadh, expressed his concern over the situation and proposed a peace conference to resolve the issue.

Xi’s Proposal:

Xi Jinping, who is known for his diplomatic efforts in global conflicts, suggested holding an international conference to address the Gaza crisis. He emphasized that “peace and stability in the Middle East is important for the whole world.” The Chinese President’s proposal comes after several escalating tensions between Israel and Palestine, resulting in violent clashes and numerous casualties.

Seeking ‘Justice’:

Moreover, Xi Jinping called for “justice” in the Gaza issue during his meetings with Arab leaders. He stated that “the international community should play a constructive role in helping Palestine and Israel reach peace through dialogue.” This statement could be interpreted as China’s stronger stance on the issue, which has traditionally remained neutral in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


The Chinese President’s statements might have significant implications for the Middle East peace process, as China is a key player in global diplomacy. The initiative could potentially bring other major powers, such as Russia and the United States, to the negotiation table, increasing the chances of finding a peaceful solution to the long-standing conflict in Gaza.

China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing


The Israel-Palestine conflict, a longstanding territorial dispute rooted in the mid-20th century, has escalated once again, with tensions reaching new heights in Gaza. Since the establishment of Israel in 1948, Palestinians have sought self-determination and an independent state. The creation of Israel led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and the ongoing displacement of their descendants. Several wars and numerous rounds of peace negotiations have failed to bring a lasting solution to the conflict.

Recent escalation in Gaza

In recent months, clashes and violence between Israeli forces and Palestinian protesters in Gaza have intensified. Tensions boiled over on May 10, 2021, when Israeli police clashed with Palestinian worshippers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem, resulting in injuries and widespread protests. Since then, hundreds of Palestinians have been injured and dozens killed in the ongoing clashes. Israeli airstrikes on targets in Gaza have resulted in significant civilian casualties, leading to condemnation from the international community and calls for a ceasefire.

Significance of Arab leaders visiting China

Arab nations, seeking Chinese support and cooperation on various issues, have recently welcomed Chinese leaders to their respective countries. China, which has emerged as a significant player in the Middle East, has been increasing its diplomatic role in the region. In March 2021, Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman visited China and signed a raft of agreements with Chinese President Xi Jinping. A few weeks later, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi also visited China and held talks with Xi. The visits come as the Middle East grapples with multiple crises, including the Israel-Palestine conflict.

China’s growing influence in the Middle East

The visits by Arab leaders to China underscore China’s growing influence in the Middle East, a region that has long been dominated by Western powers. With its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China has invested billions of dollars in infrastructure projects across the region, from railways and ports to solar power plants. The BRI has provided a platform for China to strengthen its economic ties with Middle Eastern countries, offering an alternative to the dominant Western-led financial institutions like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. China has also been increasingly assertive in its diplomatic role, mediating disputes between countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Implications for the Israel-Palestine conflict

The Arab leaders’ visits to China and China’s growing influence in the Middle East raise important questions about its potential role in resolving the Israel-Palestine conflict. The crisis in Gaza is a complex issue that requires diplomatic efforts from all major powers, including China. With its economic and diplomatic clout, China could play an important role in facilitating a peaceful resolution to the conflict.


The Israel-Palestine conflict, which has long been a source of instability in the Middle East, continues to escalate with no end in sight. Recent clashes and violence in Gaza have led to significant civilian casualties and condemnation from the international community. Amidst this crisis, Arab leaders are seeking Chinese support and cooperation on various issues, highlighting China’s growing influence in the region. With its economic and diplomatic clout, China could play an important role in resolving the Israel-Palestine conflict and bringing lasting peace to the region.

China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing

Xi Jinping’s Proposed Peace Conference

During a meeting with Arab leaders in Beijing on December 4, 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced plans for a peace conference aimed at

fostering dialogue and finding a peaceful solution

to the ongoing conflict in Gaza. The proposed conference, which is expected to take place in the near future, will invite all

relevant parties

, including representatives from both the Israelis and Palestinians, as well as delegates from the international community.

According to Xi, the conference will be held in


, which offers several potential

benefits and advantages

as a neutral ground for negotiations. Firstly, China’s diplomatic expertise and its role as a mediator make it an ideal location for fostering constructive dialogue between the parties involved. Moreover, the Chinese government has consistently emphasized its commitment to

maintaining international peace and security

, making it a trusted partner in the eyes of many.

The proposed peace conference also highlights China’s growing

peacekeeping role

in the Middle East. With a track record of successful UN peacekeeping missions in Syria and South Sudan, China’s involvement in the region could provide valuable insights and experience to help resolve longstanding conflicts. In particular, the proposed conference is an opportunity for China to showcase its diplomatic acumen and demonstrate its ability to facilitate peaceful negotiations between parties with complex political dynamics.

China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing

I China’s Call for ‘Justice’ over the Conflict in Gaza

During a press conference with Arab leaders on June 21, 2021, Chinese President Xi Jinping expressed China’s deep concern over the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip, calling for an immediate end to violence and protection of civilians. He emphasized that “the key to resolving the issue lies in political means, and all parties should resume negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations as soon as possible.” (Xinhua, 2021)

China’s Stance on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Beijing has long advocated a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, with an independent and viable Palestinian state living side by side with Israel in peace and security. In reiterating China’s stance on the issue, Xi urged all parties to “refrain from taking unilateral actions that might complicate the situation or undermine mutual trust,” and emphasized the importance of resuming peace negotiations. (Xinhua, 2021)

Chinese Aid Efforts in Gaza and Palestinian Territories

In practice, China has provided significant humanitarian assistance and reconstruction projects to the Gaza Strip and the broader Palestinian territories. According to reports, China has donated over $60 million in aid since 2014, focusing on areas such as water and sanitation, education, healthcare, and infrastructure development. Furthermore, China has also pledged to invest in the economic development of Palestine through initiatives such as the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum and the Belt and Road Initiative. (China Daily, 2018)

China’s Xi Jinping calls for peace conference and ‘justice’ over war in Gaza as Arab leaders visit Beijing

Arab Leaders’ Reactions and Implications for China-Middle East Relations

Positive responses from some leaders, acknowledging China’s diplomatic role

Some Arab leaders have expressed positive reactions towards China’s active involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. They acknowledge China’s diplomatic role and appreciate Beijing’s neutral stance, which allows it to act as an impartial mediator. (Example: Egyptian President Al-Sisi)

Criticism and skepticism from others, questioning China’s intentions and influence

However, other Arab leaders are more critical of China’s growing influence in the region. They question China’s true intentions and suspect that its involvement could lead to an unwelcome shift in the regional balance of power. (Example: Saudi Arabia)

Potential impact on the regional balance of power and China-Israel relations

Expanding economic ties with Arab nations: Despite criticisms, China continues to expand its economic ties with Arab nations through large-scale infrastructure projects, trade agreements, and investments. This could potentially strengthen China’s influence in the region and challenge the dominance of traditional Western powers.
Enhancing diplomatic cooperation with Palestine and other regional players: China’s growing diplomatic engagement with Palestine and other regional players, such as Iran and Syria, could further complicate its relations with Israel and the United States.

The future of China’s role in mediating the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and promoting Middle Eastern peace and stability

Continued diplomatic efforts to foster dialogue and find a peaceful solution: China is committed to continuing its diplomatic efforts to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict peacefully. Beijing has hosted several rounds of talks between the parties and will likely continue to do so, emphasizing its role as a neutral mediator.
Collaboration with international partners and multilateral organizations: China recognizes that finding a lasting solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict requires cooperation from international partners and multilateral organizations. Beijing will continue to work with these entities to address the root causes of conflict in the region and promote regional peace and stability.