Takeaways from Merrick Garland’s testimony before the House Judiciary Committee

Merrick Garland’s Testimony before the House Judiciary Committee: Key Takeawaws

On February 23, 2023, President Biden’s nominee for Attorney General, Judge Merrick Garland, testified before the House Judiciary Committee. The hearing provided insight into Garland’s views on various legal and policy issues that would shape his tenure if confirmed. Here are some key takeaways from his testimony:

Civil Rights and Police Reform

Garland acknowledged the urgent need for police reform in America, stating that “we have a responsibility to work together to rebuild trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve.” He pledged to prioritize efforts to address police misconduct, improve transparency, and promote community engagement.

Criminal Justice Reform

Garland expressed his support for criminal justice reform, emphasizing the need to address mass incarceration and racial disparities in the system. He stated that he would work closely with Congress on bipartisan legislation to achieve these goals, including sentencing reform and prison reentry programs.


On immigration, Garland expressed a commitment to preserving the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and working with Congress to enact comprehensive immigration reform. He also emphasized the importance of unifying families and upholding the asylum system, stating that “our nation has always been a beacon of hope and opportunity for people around the world.”

Voting Rights

Garland reaffirmed his commitment to defending voting rights and combating voter suppression efforts. He expressed concerns over recent state laws restricting access to the ballot, stating that these measures “threaten to undermine the integrity of our elections and infringe upon the constitutional rights of eligible voters.”

Technology and Privacy

In the realm of technology, Garland acknowledged the need to balance national security concerns with privacy rights. He stated that he would prioritize efforts to ensure that law enforcement uses surveillance tools in a transparent and accountable manner, while also safeguarding individual privacy.

Climate Change

Finally, Garland addressed the issue of climate change and its impact on public health and the environment. He pledged to work with other federal agencies to address this issue through enforcement actions, regulatory initiatives, and collaboration with state and local governments.

I. Introduction

Merrick Garland, a highly respected federal judge with an impressive legal career spanning over three decades, found himself at the center of a political storm in 2016.

Background of Merrick Garland

Appointed by President Barack Obama in March 2016 to fill the vacancy left by the late Justice Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court, Garland’s nomination was met with immediate opposition from Senate Republicans, led by then-Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

Nominated by President Barack Obama

Garland, a Harvard Law School graduate and former prosecutor in the Justice Department during the Clinton administration, was widely regarded as an excellent choice for the Supreme Court. However, his nomination came at a time when the presidential election was fast approaching, and Senate Republicans, believing that the voters should decide who would fill Scalia’s seat, refused to hold confirmation hearings or a vote on Garland’s nomination.

Blocked by Senate Republicans led by Mitch McConnell

Despite Garland’s exemplary qualifications and bipartisan support, his nomination was ultimately left unaddressed, with the Senate adjourning before taking any action. This unprecedented political maneuver set a new standard for Supreme Court confirmations, with many observers arguing that the Senate had abdicated its constitutional duty to advise and consent on judicial appointments.

Impact on the Supreme Court and American Politics

Fast forward to 2021, Merrick Garland is no longer in the running for a seat on the Supreme Court. Instead, he now serves as the U.S. Attorney General under President Joe Biden’s administration. While many believe that Garland missed his opportunity to make history as a Supreme Court justice, his new role places him at the helm of the Department of Justice, where he can continue to shape American law and policy in significant ways.

The Hearing Overview

Purpose and context of the hearing

On March 2, 2023, Attorney General Merrick Garland testified before the House Judiciary Committee. The purpose of this high-stakes hearing was multifaceted. Garland’s appearance before the committee was an opportunity for members of Congress to question him regarding various topics related to his current role as the head of the Department of Justice (DOJ). These subjects ranged from ongoing investigations and policy initiatives to the administration’s stance on key legal issues.

Witnesses and participants

The hearing was chaired by Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-NY), and other esteemed members of the committee included Jim Jordan (R-OH) and Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX). The bipartisan composition of the committee ensured a robust exchange of ideas, with representatives from both parties posing penetrating questions. This dynamic interaction provided valuable insight into the perspective and priorities of various factions within Congress, while also shedding light on the role of the Attorney General and the broader function of the Department of Justice.

I Garland’s Statements on Current Issues

The Russia probe and Special Counsel Robert Mueller

Attorney General Merrick Garland has expressed his unwavering support for the Special Counsel’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. During his confirmation hearing, Garland defended the independence of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Mueller probe, emphasizing that it was not politically motivated. He firmly stated:

“I will not allow the Department of Justice to be used to intimidate or retaliate against political opponents. The Department does not take lightly before it initiates a new investigation, and we do not use our investigative powers for the purpose of harassment or to punish individuals. We apply those powers only where we have reason to believe that a crime has been committed, and we do so without fear or favor.”

The Jan. 6 Capitol attack investigation

Addressing the significance of the January 6, 2021, Capitol attack on American democracy, Garland emphasized that the DOJ would continue to investigate and prosecute those involved in the riots. Regardless of their political affiliations, he declared:

“The violence that occurred on January 6, 2021, at the Capitol was a direct attack on our constitutional process, and an attempt to disrupt the peaceful transfer of power to a duly elected President. The Department of Justice will not tolerate such behavior, and we will continue to investigate and prosecute all those who participated in the criminal activity that day.”

The ongoing fight against COVID-19 and other public health issues

During a speech at the National Institutes of Health, Garland discussed the importance of public health initiatives, including vaccination efforts. He highlighted the role of the DOJ in supporting these efforts and enforcing related laws:

“The Department of Justice will continue to work with our federal, state, and local partners to ensure the availability of vaccines and treatments. We will also enforce the laws that protect against hoaxes, misinformation, and fraud related to public health crises.”

The Biden Administration’s priorities, including voting rights and criminal justice reform

Affirming the Biden Administration’s commitment to addressing issues like voting rights and criminal justice reform, Garland reiterated the DOJ’s role in upholding these initiatives:

“I want to be clear that the Department of Justice will continue our work on criminal justice reform, including sentencing reform and eliminating unnecessary mandatory minimums. We will also vigorously defend the right to vote and ensure that every eligible American has an opportunity to participate in our democracy.”

Controversial Topics and Debates

The ongoing debate over police reform and the use of federal funds for law enforcement

During his confirmation hearing, Attorney General nominee Merrick Garland faced a contentious exchange of words with members from both parties regarding the use of federal funds for law enforcement and the ongoing debate over police reform. Members from both sides of the aisle raised concerns about this issue, expressing their reservations regarding potential infringements on state sovereignty and local control. Garland, in response, acknowledged the need for police reform and emphasized a collaborative approach between federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies. He highlighted the importance of partnerships and community engagement in ensuring effective public safety measures while promoting transparency, accountability, and equal justice for all.

The controversy over immigration policy and border security

Another hotly contested issue during Garland’s hearing was the matter of immigration policy and border security. Members from both parties questioned him extensively on this topic, seeking clarification on his stance regarding immigration enforcement and the balance between security and upholding human rights. Garland reaffirmed the importance of following due process, adhering to constitutional principles, and addressing border security challenges in a humane and effective manner. He emphasized the need for a comprehensive immigration reform bill that would address both the humanitarian aspect and the national security concerns related to border control.

The role of the DOJ in enforcing gun control laws

A third area of contention during Garland’s confirmation hearing was the role of the Department of Justice in enforcing gun control laws. Members from both parties, particularly those with strong Second Amendment advocacy, raised concerns about this issue and expressed apprehensions regarding potential infringements on individual rights. Garland emphasized the importance of enforcing existing gun laws, striking a delicate balance between public safety and respecting the constitutional rights of American citizens. He also expressed his intention to work with stakeholders on both sides of the issue to find common ground, acknowledging the complexity of crafting gun control policies that effectively address public safety concerns while respecting individual liberties.


Attorney General Merrick Garland‘s testimony before the House Judiciary Committee provided valuable insights into his current role as the head of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the priorities that are shaping his tenure. Garland’s appearance before the committee marked a significant moment in the ongoing debate surrounding various contentious issues, including

police reform



, and

gun control


B. During the hearing, Garland reaffirmed the DOJ’s commitment to upholding the law and maintaining its independence from politics. He emphasized the importance of collaborating with various stakeholders, including local and state law enforcement agencies, to address these complex issues. The hearing highlighted the ongoing controversies surrounding these topics, as members of the committee pressed Garland on his stance on several key issues.

C. Despite the contentious nature of the hearing, Garland’s commitment to his role was evident throughout his testimony. He reiterated his dedication to ensuring that the DOJ remains an independent institution that is focused on enforcing the law fairly and impartially. By emphasizing the importance of collaboration, Garland demonstrated his willingness to work with a diverse range of stakeholders to address these critical issues.