Biden’s defense of democracy

Biden's defense of democracy

Biden’s Defense of Democracy: A Comprehensive Outline

President Joe Biden, in his

first major foreign policy speech

as the U.S. President, addressed the State Department’s virtual

Democracy Summit

on December 9, 2021. He outlined his administration’s plans for defending and promoting


around the world. The speech, delivered at the George Marshall Center in Washington D.C., emphasized the importance of this cause to U.S. interests and global stability.

Key Points from Biden’s Speech:

  1. Defending Democracy at Home: Biden acknowledged the importance of the U.S. leading by example, emphasizing the need to address domestic challenges to American democracy and upholding its values at home.
  2. Supporting Democracy Abroad: He pledged $424 million to help

    support democratic institutions and counter authoritarianism

    in developing countries.

  3. Partnering with Allies and Multilateral Organizations: Biden expressed his intent to work closely with allies like the European Union, NATO, and the G7 to strengthen democratic institutions and counteract authoritarian regimes.
  4. Addressing Root Causes of Authoritarianism: He acknowledged the need to address root causes, including economic inequality and climate change, which can contribute to instability and authoritarianism.

Biden’s speech demonstrated a deep commitment to democracy, emphasizing the importance of this cause not just for American interests but also for global stability. He acknowledged that challenges remain, both at home and abroad, and reiterated his administration’s determination to meet them head-on.


I. Introduction

Brief background on President Joe Biden and his commitment to democracy

President Joe Biden, the 46th President of the United States, has made it clear that he is committed to defending and promoting democracy both at home and abroad. With a career in public service spanning over four decades, Biden has witnessed the evolution of democratic institutions and values throughout his tenure. From serving as a Senator from Delaware to serving as Vice President under President Barack Obama, Biden has been a staunch advocate for the protection and expansion of democratic norms.

Explanation of the importance of defending democracy in today’s world

In today’s complex and interconnected world, democracy has become more important than ever. The global landscape is facing numerous challenges that threaten the foundations of democratic institutions. From authoritarian regimes to cyber attacks, from economic inequality to the spread of misinformation, these challenges require a coordinated and robust response from democratic states. The importance of defending democracy lies not only in its ability to provide a just and fair society for its citizens but also in its role as a model for other countries to follow.

Overview of the key points that will be addressed in this outline

In this outline, we will discuss some of the key initiatives and actions taken by President Biden to defend democracy both at home and abroad. We will explore his efforts to strengthen democratic institutions, address global challenges, and promote democratic values around the world. By highlighting these initiatives, we aim to provide a better understanding of how the United States, under President Biden’s leadership, is working to defend and promote democracy in today’s world.


The Threats to Democracy

Description of Various Threats:

Democracy, as a form of government that embodies the principles of popular sovereignty, equality, and rule of law, has been under various threats both historically and in contemporary times. In this section, we will discuss some of the major challenges to democracy, including:

Authoritarian Regimes:

Authoritarian regimes pose one of the most direct threats to democracy. These regimes concentrate power in the hands of a few elites who suppress individual freedoms, restrict political opposition, and manipulate elections. They often use force, censorship, and propaganda to maintain control, undermining the very foundations of democratic institutions.

Political Polarization and Extremism:

Another significant challenge to democracy is political polarization and extremism. When political discourse becomes divisive and ideological, it creates an environment where compromise is difficult, if not impossible. Extremist groups may exploit these tensions to advance their agendas, often through violent means, threatening the stability and unity of a democratic society.

Erosion of the Rule of Law:

The erosion of the rule of law is a serious threat to democracy, as it undermines the impartial application of justice and the protection of individual rights. When the legal system becomes politicized or biased, it can lead to corruption, inequality, and injustice, further weakening democratic institutions and eroding public trust.

Disinformation and Propaganda:

In today’s digital age, disinformation and propaganda have emerged as powerful threats to democracy. Misinformation campaigns, often driven by foreign actors or extremist groups, can manipulate public opinion and sway elections, creating confusion and mistrust that undermines the democratic process.

Examples of These Threats in Action Around the World:

Authoritarian Regimes:

The rise of authoritarian regimes in various parts of the world, such as Hungary, Poland, Turkey, and Venezuela, serves as a stark reminder of this threat to democracy. In these countries, democratic institutions have been undermined through manipulation of elections, suppression of opposition, and the concentration of power in the hands of a few elites.

Political Polarization and Extremism:

Political polarization and extremism have been on the rise in many democracies, including the United States, India, and Brazil. In these countries, ideological divides have grown wider, making it increasingly difficult for political leaders to find common ground and compromise. Extremist groups have exploited these tensions to advance their agendas, often through violent means.

Erosion of the Rule of Law:

The erosion of the rule of law is a pervasive challenge in many democracies, with Hungary and Poland being notable examples. In these countries, the legal system has been politicized, leading to the manipulation of judicial appointments and the suppression of opposition.

Disinformation and Propaganda:

The use of disinformation and propaganda to influence democratic processes has become a major concern in many parts of the world. For instance, during the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Russian operatives used social media to sow discord and manipulate public opinion. Similar campaigns have been reported in various other democracies, underscoring the need for greater vigilance and transparency to protect democratic institutions from these threats.


I Biden’s Vision for Defending Democracy

The importance of promoting democracy abroad as part of U.S. foreign policy:

President Joe Biden‘s vision for defending democracy emphasizes the importance of promoting democracy abroad as a key component of U.S. foreign policy. He recognizes that strong, stable democratic allies are essential for advancing American interests and values on the global stage. This approach includes:

Strengthening alliances and partnerships with democratic nations:

Reaffirming and deepening relationships with traditional allies is a priority. Biden’s administration seeks to collaborate on issues such as climate change, economic growth, and global health, while also addressing challenges like human rights abuses, cyber threats, and territorial disputes.

Providing economic and military support to allies:

The United States intends to continue providing crucial economic and military assistance to its partners, ensuring they are capable of defending themselves against external threats. This includes rebuilding alliances that may have been weakened under previous administrations and fostering new relationships with emerging democracies.

Engaging in diplomacy and dialogue with non-democratic regimes:

Although the U.S. will prioritize partnerships with democratic nations, engaging in diplomacy and dialogue with non-democratic regimes remains necessary. The Biden administration aims to use these interactions to promote human rights, raise concerns about abuses, and encourage reforms that bring these countries closer to democratic norms.

The role of domestic policies in defending democracy:

Defending democracy does not stop at U.S. borders; it is a continuous process that requires attention to domestic policies as well. To ensure that the United States remains an exemplary democratic nation, Biden’s administration focuses on:

Protecting and expanding voting rights:

The administration recognizes the importance of protecting and expanding access to voting rights for all Americans, regardless of race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. This includes efforts to address voter suppression tactics and promote election security, as well as working to enact legislation like the For the People Act and the John Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act.

Addressing income inequality and economic insecurity:

Reducing income inequality and addressing economic insecurity are critical for maintaining a strong democracy. Biden’s administration aims to address these issues through policies like the American Rescue Plan, which provides direct relief to families and individuals, as well as investments in education, job training, and infrastructure.

Strengthening the rule of law and institutions:

Upholding the rule of law and strengthening democratic institutions are crucial for a functioning democracy. The Biden administration is committed to working with Congress to address challenges like gerrymandering, partisan gridlock, and the politicization of key agencies and institutions.


Specific Initiatives to Defend Democracy

The Democracy Summit

The Democracy Summit, a global event of significant importance, is set to bring together world leaders with a shared commitment to upholding democratic values and principles. This high-level gathering aims to create a platform for dialogue, collaboration, and collective action on issues that threaten the democratic order. The purpose of this summit is twofold: to reinforce the importance of democracy in today’s complex geopolitical landscape, and to explore practical ways to address common challenges facing democracies. Among the expected outcomes, there is a hope for renewed political will, new partnerships, and concrete initiatives to bolster democratic resilience.

Inviting World Leaders

The invitation to this summit extends to heads of state and government, as well as other key stakeholders in the democratic process. The goal is to galvanize a broad coalition of leaders committed to safeguarding their own democracies and supporting those under threat.

Collaborating on Initiatives

The Democracy Summit will offer an opportunity to collaborate on initiatives that address the most pressing challenges facing democratic nations. These may include issues such as election security, the rule of law, media freedom, and the fight against corruption.

The Global Democracy Coalition

Another initiative to strengthen democracies and counter the forces that threaten them is the proposed Global Democracy Coalition. This alliance of democratic nations would aim to:

Sharing Best Practices and Resources

The coalition would serve as a platform for exchanging knowledge, expertise, and best practices on democratic governance. Members could collaborate on research, policy development, and capacity-building initiatives to strengthen their own democracies.

Coordinating Efforts

In the face of disinformation, propaganda, and other subversive activities that undermine democratic institutions, the coalition could coordinate efforts to counter these threats. This might include sharing intelligence, developing joint communications strategies, and collaborating on technology solutions.

Providing Support to At-Risk Democracies

The Global Democracy Coalition could also provide support, both diplomatic and financial, to democracies under threat. This could include assistance with election security, capacity-building for democratic institutions, or humanitarian aid in the face of crises.



In today’s world, the importance of defending democracy cannot be overstated. Democracy is not only a fundamental value and human right, but it is also the foundation of peace, stability, and prosperity. Unfortunately, democracies around the world are facing numerous threats from within and outside their borders. These threats range from political polarization, disinformation campaigns, and election interference to economic instability, social unrest, and terrorism.

Recap of the Importance of Defending Democracy

The importance of defending democracy cannot be emphasized enough. It is the bedrock of a free and open society where individuals have the right to participate in government, hold their leaders accountable, and live without fear of persecution. Democracy also fosters economic growth, innovation, and social progress. However, in today’s world, democracy is under threat from various sources, making it essential that we take action to protect and strengthen it.

Emphasis on the Need for Collective Action and International Cooperation

Collective action and international cooperation are crucial in addressing threats to democracy. No single country or organization can tackle these challenges alone. Therefore, it is essential that governments, civil society organizations, and individuals work together to find solutions and promote best practices. By sharing knowledge, expertise, and resources, we can learn from each other’s successes and failures and build a stronger global community committed to protecting and promoting democracy.

Call to Action for Individuals, Governments, and Organizations

It is time for all of us to join in the efforts to strengthen democracies around the world. Individuals can get involved by exercising their right to vote, participating in civic engagement activities, and supporting organizations that promote democracy and human rights. Governments must prioritize the protection of democracy and human rights in their foreign and domestic policies, and they should work together to create a more peaceful and prosperous world. Organizations, including international institutions, civil society groups, and businesses, have a vital role to play in promoting democratic values and supporting democracies under threat.


Individuals can make a difference by engaging in their communities, volunteering for organizations that promote democracy and human rights, and educating themselves and others about the importance of democratic values. By taking an active role in their own governments, they can help ensure that democracy remains strong and vibrant.



must prioritize the protection of democracy and human rights in their foreign and domestic policies. They should also work together to create a more peaceful and prosperous world where democracies can flourish. This includes strengthening international institutions, promoting dialogue between governments and civil society organizations, and taking concrete steps to address the root causes of instability and conflict.


Organizations, including international institutions, civil society groups, and businesses, have a vital role to play in promoting democratic values and supporting democracies under threat. They can provide expertise, resources, and networks to help build stronger democratic institutions and support civic engagement efforts.


In conclusion, defending democracy in today’s world requires the collective efforts of individuals, governments, and organizations. By working together, we can address the numerous threats to democracy and build a stronger, more peaceful, and prosperous world where democratic values are upheld and human rights are respected.